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Fighting Corruption in Education: What Works and Who Benefits?

Oana Borcan (), Mikael Lindahl () and Andreea Mitrut ()
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Oana Borcan: University of Gothenburg

No 9561, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: We investigate the distributional consequences of a corruption-fighting initiative in Romania targeting the endemic fraud in a high-stakes high school exit exam, which introduced CCTV monitoring of the exam and credible punishment threats for teachers and students. We find that the campaign was effective in reducing corruption and, in particular, that monitoring increased the effectiveness of the punishment threats. Estimating the heterogeneous impact for students of different poverty status we show that curbing corruption led to a worrisome score gap increase between poor and non-poor students. Consequently, the poor students have reduced chances to enter an elite university.

Keywords: bribes; high-stakes exam; corruption; monitoring and punishment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 I24 K42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-law, nep-tra and nep-ure
Date: 2015-12
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Published in: American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 2017, 9 (1), 180-209

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Related works:
Journal Article: Fighting Corruption in Education: What Works and Who Benefits? (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Fighting Corruption in Education: What Works and Who Benefits? (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Fighting Corruption in Education: What Works and Who Benefits? (2015) Downloads
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