Initial Conditions Matter: Social Capital and Participatory Development
Lisa Cameron (),
Susan Olivia and
Manisha Shah ()
No 9563, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
Billions of dollars have been spent on participatory development programs in the developing world. These programs give community members an active decision-making role. Given the emphasis on community involvement, one might expect that the effectiveness of this approach would depend on communities' pre-existing social capital stocks. Using data from a large randomised field experiment of Community-Led Total Sanitation in Indonesia, we find that villages with high initial social capital built toilets and reduced open defecation, resulting in substantial health benefits. In villages with low initial stocks of social capital, the approach was counterproductive – fewer toilets were built than in control communities and social capital suffered.
Keywords: participatory development; social capital; sanitation; economic development; Indonesia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O12 O22 I15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-exp, nep-sea and nep-soc
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