How serious is the omission of bilateral tariff rates in gravity?
Kazunobu Hayakawa ()
No 311, IDE Discussion Papers from Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO)
In this paper, using the worldwide dataset of bilateral tariff rates, we explore how serious the omission of bilateral tariff rates in gravity is. Our findings are as follow. Firstly, the omission of bilateral tariff rates seems not to be so serious in terms of omitted-variable biases because the coefficients for the usual gravity variables do not change before or after their inclusion. Secondly, while the widely-used dummy variable of regional trade agreement could not play an alternative role in place of tariff rates, the inclusion of time-invariant pair fixed effects in addition to the time-variant importer fixed effects and exporter fixed effects accounts for the omission of tariff rates. The inclusion of those fixed effects makes the coefficient for bilateral tariff rates insignificant.
Keywords: Developing countries; International trade; Tariff; Gravity; Tariff rates; Free Trade Agreement (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F10 F15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Published in IDE Discussion Paper = IDE Discussion Paper, No. 311. 2011-10-01
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Journal Article: How serious is the omission of bilateral tariff rates in gravity? (2013)
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