EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Industrial specialisation, trade, and labour market dynamics in a multisectoral model of technological progress

Robert Stehrer

No 2001-02, Economics working papers from Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria

Abstract: The issue of the impact of trade on specialisation structures and the effects of trade liberalisation on employment and labour markets has been intensively discussed in the recent literature on trade liberalisation and globalisation. In Europe this debate has gained new momentum in the discussion on the effects of the catching-up processes of the transforming economies in Eastern European Countries. But the bulk of the existing literature in this area employs almost without exception a static Heckscher-Ohlin framework based on factor-endowment differences and thus seems not to be a suitable tool for analysing dynamic issues of technology catching-up and dynamic adjustment processes. In this paper I present a model to explore the issue of productivity catching-up, international specialisation and labour market effects in a dynamic multi-sectoral framework with heterogenous labour. The model is basically an input-output model, but also has some Schumpeterian features. These Schumpeterian features are the impact of transitory rents, emerging from (labour) productivity-enhancing technological progress or catching- up processes, upon the price-, wage- and quantity system of the trading economies. Relative productivity and relative wage rate dynamics across sectors determine comparative cost advantages and trade specialisation. The second part of the paper presents some simulation studies of the evolution of prices, output, employment and wage structures, where various stylized types of technological progress and industrial catching-up processes are modelled. In the appendix of the paper the equilibrium solutions of the model are derived.

Keywords: trade liberalisation; economic integration; labour markets; simulation; economic dynamics; growth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C62 C63 C67 D57 F15 F17 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2001-01
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.econ.jku.at/papers/2001/wp0102.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Industrial specialisation, trade, and labour market dynamics in a multisectoral model of technological progress (2001)
Working Paper: Industrial Specialization, Trade, and Labour Market Dynamics in a Multisectoral Model of Technological Progress (2001) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:jku:econwp:2001_02

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Economics working papers from Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by René Böheim ().

 
Page updated 2021-04-19
Handle: RePEc:jku:econwp:2001_02