EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The growing American health penalty: International trends in the employment of older workers with poor health

Ben Baumberg Geiger, René Böheim () and Thomas Leoni ()

No 2018-11, Economics working papers from Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria

Abstract: Many countries have reduced the generosity of disability benefits while making them more activating – yet few studies have examined how employment rates have subsequently changed. We present estimates of how the employment rates of older workers with poor health in 13 high-income countries changed between 2004-7 and 2012-15 using HRS/SHARE/ELSA data. We find that those in poor health in the USA have experienced a unique deterioration: they have not only seen a widening gap to the employment rates of those with good health, but their employment rates fell per se. We find only for Sweden (and possibly England) signs that the health employment gap shrank. We then examine possible explanations for the development in the USA: we find no evidence it links to labour market trends, but possible links to the USA’s lack of disability benefit reform – which should be considered alongside the wider challenges of our findings for policymakers.

Keywords: disability benefits; older workers; poor health; HRS/ SHARE/ELSA data (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H51 I12 I18 J14 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 60 pages
Date: 2018-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age and nep-hea
Note: PDF Document
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.econ.jku.at/papers/2018/wp1811.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: The Growing American Health Penalty: International Trends in the Employment of Older Workers with Poor Health (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: The growing American health penalty: International trends in the employment of older workers with poor health (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: The growing American health penalty: International trends in the employment of older workers with poor health (2018) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:jku:econwp:2018_11

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Economics working papers from Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by René Böheim ().

 
Page updated 2021-04-19
Handle: RePEc:jku:econwp:2018_11