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Spatial Competition with Capacity Constraints and Subcontracting

Matthias Hunold and Johannes Muthers ()

No 2018-13, Economics working papers from Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria

Abstract: We characterize mixed-strategy equilibria when capacity constrained suppliers can charge location-based prices to different customers. We establish an equilibrium with prices that weakly increase in the costs to supply a customer. Despite prices above costs and excess capacities, each supplier exclusively serves its home market in equilibrium. Competition yields volatile market shares and an inefficient allocation of customers to firms. Even ex-post cross-supplies may restore efficiency only partly. We use our findings to discuss recent competition policy cases and provide hints for a more refined coordinated-effects analysis.

Keywords: Bertrand-Edgeworth; capacity constraints; inefficient competition; spatial price discrimination; subcontracting; transport costs. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L11 L41 L61 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-com and nep-ind
Date: 2018-10
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:jku:econwp:2018_13

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