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The Influence of Voluntary and Mandatory Environmental Performance on Financial Performance: An Empirical Study of Indonesian Firms

Kimitaka Nishitani, Nurul Jannah, Hardinsyah Ridwan and Shinji Kaneko
Additional contact information
Nurul Jannah: Ministry of the Environment, Indonesia
Hardinsyah Ridwan: Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agriculture University, Indonesia

No DP2013-01, Discussion Paper Series from Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University

Abstract: This paper, using data derived from a questionnaire survey of Indonesian firms, analyzes not only whether a firm's environmental performance improves its financial performance, but also whether this relationship depends on the firm's stance on conducting environmental management voluntarily or mandatorily. The estimation results suggest that a reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions increases a firm's profit, because firms that conduct environmental management voluntarily are more likely to reduce GHG emissions. However, this is not the case for the reduction of pollution emissions, because firms that conduct environmental management mandatorily are more likely to reduce pollution emissions. These results imply that only firms conducting environmental management voluntarily can improve financial performance through better environmental performance in Indonesia.

Pages: 23 pages
Date: 2013-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-eff, nep-ene, nep-env and nep-res
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1)

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https://www.rieb.kobe-u.ac.jp/academic/ra/dp/English/DP2013-01.pdf First version, 2013 (application/pdf)

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