The Effects of Gender-Specific Local Labor Demand on Birth and Later Outcomes
Mika Akesaka and
Additional contact information
Mika Akesaka: Research Institute for Economics and Business Administration, Kobe University, JAPAN
Nobuyoshi Kikuchi: Department of Economics, The University of Tokyo, JAPAN
No DP2022-37, Discussion Paper Series from Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University
We examine the effects of local labor market conditions during early pregnancy on birth and later outcomes. Using a longitudinal survey of newborns in Japan, we find that improvements in employment opportunities increase the probability of low birth weight, attributable to shortened gestation. This negative effect is driven mainly by the changes in labor demand for women. However, we find little evidence of a lasting effect of changes in labor demand during early pregnancy on severe health conditions or developmental delays in early childhood. Using prefecture-level panel data, we confirm that the negative effect on infant birth weight is not driven by selective fertility and mortality.
Keywords: Labor market conditions; Newborn health; Low birth weight; Recession (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I10 J13 J16 J23 R11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 58 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hea, nep-lab and nep-ure
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
https://www.rieb.kobe-u.ac.jp/academic/ra/dp/English/DP2022-37.pdf First version, 2022 (application/pdf)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:kob:dpaper:dp2022-37
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Discussion Paper Series from Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University 2-1 Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe 657-8501 JAPAN. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Office of Promoting Research Collaboration, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University ().