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Domestic Road Infrastructure and International Trade: Evidence from Turkey

A. Kerem Coşar and Banu Demir ()

Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers from Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum

Abstract: Poor domestic transportation infrastructure in developing countries is often cited as an important impediment for accessing international markets. Yet, evidence on how transportation infrastructure improvements affect the volume and composition of exports is scarce. Drawing on the large-scale public investment in expressways undertaken in Turkey during the 2000s, this paper contributes to our understanding of how internal trade costs affect regional exports and specialization. Two results emerge. First, we estimate that this road infrastructure project accounts for 15 percent of the export increase from interior regions, generating a 10-year discounted stream of additional export revenues that amount to between 9 and 14 percent of the value of the investment. Second, while the exports of all industries within a given region increase in response to improvements in connectivity to the international gateways of the country, the magnitude of this increase is larger the more time sensitive an industry is. Accordingly, we also observe an increase in the regional employment and revenue shares of such industries. Our results support the hypothesis that internal trade costs can be a determinant of international specialization and comparative advantage.

Keywords: international trade; infrastructure; transportation costs; time-sensitive industries. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F14 R11 R41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 36 pages
Date: 2014-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-int, nep-tre and nep-ure
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (22) Track citations by RSS feed

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Journal Article: Domestic road infrastructure and international trade: Evidence from Turkey (2016) Downloads
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