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Gender Pay Gaps in the Former Soviet Union: A Review of the Evidence

Tamar Khitarishvili

Economics Working Paper Archive from Levy Economics Institute

Abstract: The goal of this paper is to examine the patterns and movements of the gender pay gaps in the countries of the former Soviet Union (FSU) and to place them in the context of advanced economies. We survey over 30 publications and conduct a meta-analysis of this literature. Gender pay gaps in the region are considerable and above the levels observed in advanced economies. Similar to advanced economies, industrial and occupational segregation widens the gaps in the FSU countries, whereas gender differences in educational attainment tend to shrink them. However, a much higher proportion of the gaps remain unexplained, pointing toward the role of unobserved gender differences related to actual and perceived productivity. Over the last 25 years, the gaps contracted in most FSU countries, primarily due to the reduction in the unexplained portion. Underlying the contraction at the mean are different movements in the gap across the pay distribution. Although the glass-ceiling effect has diminished in some FSU countries, it has persisted in others. We investigate the reasons underlying these findings and argue that the developments in the FSU region shed new light on our understanding of the gender pay gaps.

Keywords: Gender Pay Gap; Former Soviet Union; Meta-analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 J31 P2 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cis, nep-lab and nep-tra
Date: 2018-01
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