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Exploring the spatial and temporal determinants of gas central heating adoption

John Curtis Daire McCoy
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Daire McCoy () and John Curtis

No 320, GRI Working Papers from Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment

Abstract: In order to better understand the potential for both policy and technological improvements to aid carbon abatement, long-term historical information on the time-path of transition from more traditional to cleaner fuels is useful. This is a relatively understudied element of the fuel switching literature in both developed and emerging economies. This research adds to this literature by examing the adoption time-path of network gas as a heating fuel. We merge a unique dataset on gas network roll-out over time, with other geo-coded data and employ an instrumental variables technique in order to simultaneously model supply and demand. Results indicate a non-linear relationship between the proportion of households using gas as their primary means of central heating and the length of time the network has been in place in each area. Proximity to the gas network, peat bogs, and areas which have banned the consumption of bituminous coal also affect gas connections. Variations in socioeconomic and dwelling characteristics at area level can also help explain connections to the gas network. Simulations are then performed to examine how network expansion might affect connections and carbon emissions.

New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene, nep-env and nep-reg
Date: 2017-12
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