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Intellectual property rights protection and the international transfer of low-carbon technologies

Antoine Dechezleprêtre

No 323, GRI Working Papers from Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment

Abstract: We examine the effect of intellectual property rights (IPRs) protection on the two main channels of international transfer of low-carbon technologies i.e. trade in low-carbon capital goods, and foreign direct investments (FDI) by firms producing low-carbon technologies. Our data describes cross-country transfer through these channels between developing and developed countries in eight climate-related technology fields from 2001 to 2011. At the world level, we find that strengthening IPRs protection increases transfer in six technology fields (hydro power, solar PV, solar thermal, heating, lighting, and cleaner vehicles), while the effect is statistically insignificant in the others. The results slightly change when focusing on non-OECD countries. In particular, we find that a stricter IPRs regime may reduce their imports of solar equipment. These results have important implications for climate negotiations on North-South technology transfer.

New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene, nep-env and nep-ipr
Date: 2018-01
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Working Paper: Intellectual property rights protection and the international transfer of low-carbon technologies (2017) Downloads
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