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Accounting for the Rise of Health Spending and Longevity

Raquel Fonseca (), Pierre-Carl Michaud (), Arie Kapteyn and Titus Galama

Cahiers de recherche from Chaire de recherche Industrielle Alliance sur les enjeux économiques des changements démographiques

Abstract: We estimate a stochastic life-cycle model of endogenous health spending, asset accumulation and retirement to investigate the causes behind the increase in health spending and longevity in the U.S. over the period 1965-2005. We estimate that technological change and the increase in the generosity of health insurance on their own may explain 36.3% of the rise in health spending (technology 31.5% and insurance 4.8%), while income explains only 4.4%. By simultaneously occurring over this period, these changes may have led to complementarity effects which explain an additional 59% increase in health spending. The estimates suggest that the elasticity of health spending with respect to changes in both income and insurance is larger with co-occurring improvements in technology. Technological change, taking the form of increased health-care productivity at an annual rate of 1.7%, explains almost all of the rise in life expectancy at age 25 over this period. Welfare gains are substantial and most of the gain appears to be due to technological change (47% out of a total gain of 67%).

Keywords: health spending; longevity; life-cycle models; technological change (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I10 I38 J26 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age, nep-dge, nep-hea and nep-ias
Date: 2018
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Related works:
Working Paper: Accounting for the Rise of Health Spending and Longevity (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Accounting for the Rise of Health Spending and Longevity (2013) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:lvl:criacr:1806

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