Political Economy, Firm Survival and Entrepreneurship in Turkey: The Case of the Wealth Tax (1942)
Seven Ağır () and
Cihan Artunç ()
Additional contact information
Seven Ağır: Department of Economics, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey
No 1707, ERC Working Papers from ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University
In 1942, the Republic of Turkey promulgated a controversial tax on personal wealth to finance mobilization of the army and curb inflation. The extraordinary tax was arbitrarily assessed and the burden fell disproportionately on non-Muslim minorities. The precise transformative effect of the tax on Turkey’s commercial life is not well understood. This article assembles a new dataset of firms operating in Istanbul to show the tax led to a dramatic rise on the liquidation of enterprises with non-Muslim ownership but no effect on Muslims. At the same time, the tax caused a sharp decline in the formation of new non-Muslim firms and a commensurate increase in the number of Muslim firms. The results show that the Wealth Tax forced the dissolution of otherwise productive, older firms and contributed to the further nationalization of the economy.
Keywords: Turkish economic history; wealth tax; firm survival (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: N84 N85 O1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 37 pages
Date: 2017-06, Revised 2017-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-bec, nep-cwa, nep-ent and nep-sbm
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://erc.metu.edu.tr/en/system/files/menu/series17/1707.pdf First version, 2017 (application/pdf)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:met:wpaper:1707
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in ERC Working Papers from ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Erol Taymaz ().