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THE AUSTRALIAN GROWTH EXPERIENCE (1960-2000): R&D-BASED, HUMAN CAPITAL-BASED, OR JUST STEADY STATE GROWTH?

Yuan K. Chou

No 855, Department of Economics - Working Papers Series from The University of Melbourne

Abstract: This paper examines the sources of economic growth in Australia from 1960 to 2000 by adapting and modifying a framework developed in Jones (2002), whereby long-run growth is driven by the global discovery of new ideas, which in turn is tied to world population growth. We find that, contrary to the conventional view as suggested by sustained growth rates and a stable capital-output ratio over the last several decades, Australia is clearly not on its steady-state balanced growth path. Australia has benefited from increases in educational attainment and research intensity: 28 percent of Australian growth between 1960 and 2000 is attributable to the rise in educational attainment, about 40 to 60 percent is attributable to increasing research intensity, while only 20 to 30 percent is due to long-run population growth in the ideaproducing countries.

Keywords: Economic Growth; Human Capital; Technological Change (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 29 pages
Date: 2002
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