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Social Norms, Political Polarization, and Vaccination Attitudes: Evidence from a Survey Experiment in Turkey

Mustafa Kaba, Murat Koyuncu, Sebastian Schneider and Matthias Sutter ()
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Mustafa Kaba: Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, Bonn
Matthias Sutter: Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, Bonn

No 2023_08, Discussion Paper Series of the Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods from Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods

Abstract: This paper examines the role of social norms and political polarization in shaping vaccination attitudes and behaviors in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. Using a largescale representative survey experiment in Turkey, we first show that political affiliation is a strong predictor of attitudes towards vaccination. We then use standard economic games to measure the extent of polarization caused by subjects’ attitudes towards vaccination. We find that pro- and anti-vaxxers discriminate each other substantially. Furthermore, when pro- and anti-vaxxers perceive a political difference between them, this polarization is exacerbated. Finally, using randomized informational treatments, we show that the promotion of a broadly shared social identity might mitigate this outgroup discrimination.

JEL-codes: C9 D01 D9 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-exp, nep-pol and nep-soc
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:mpg:wpaper:2023_08

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