How Gender Inequalities Hinder Development: Cross-Country Evidence
Gaëlle Ferrant ()
Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne from Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne
This paper assumes that gender inequality hinders economic and human development: a one standard deviation change in the Gender Inequality Index (GII) will increase long term income per capita by 9,1% and Human Development Index (HDI) by 4%. Gender inequality may be a explanation of economic development differences: 16% of the long term income difference between South Asia and East Asia & Pacific can be accounted for by the difference in gender inequality. Moreover, this paper provides evidence of a vicious circle between gender inequality and long term income. The multi-dimensional concept of gender inequality is measured by a composite index with endogenous weightings : the Gender Inequality Index (GII). To correct endogeneity and simultaneity problems, the two-stage and three-stage least square methods are used separately. In this way, the steady state per capita income and the human development levels are estimated for 109 developing countries
Keywords: Growth; Gender Inequality; development economics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C43 J16 O11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 34 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hap and nep-hme
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Journal Article: How Do Gender Inequalities Hinder Development ? Cross-Country Evidence (2015)
Working Paper: How Gender Inequalities Hinder Development: Cross-Country Evidence (2011)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:mse:cesdoc:11012
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