Upstreamness, social upgrading and gender: Equal benefits for all?
Benoît Mahy () and
Francois Rycx ()
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Benoît Mahy: University of Mons (humanOrg) and DULBEA
No 359, Working Paper Research from National Bank of Belgium
This paper examines social upgrading related to firms’ participation in Global Value Chains (GVCs) from a developed countries’ perspective. Merging detailed matched employer-employee data relative to the Belgian manufacturing industry with unique information on firm-level upstreamness, we investigate whether workers on the upstream stage of GVCs benefit from higher wages. We also enrich our analysis with a gender dimension. Unconditional quantile regressions and decomposition methods reveal that firms’ upstreamness fosters workers’ social upgrading. Nevertheless, gains are found to be unequally shared among workers. Male top-earners are the main beneficiaries; whereas women, irrespective of their earnings, appear to be unfairly rewarded.
Keywords: Social upgrading; global value chains; WagesGender; Developed countries (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F61 F66 J16 J31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hme and nep-int
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nbb:reswpp:201810-359
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