EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Physical and Human Capital Deepening and New Trade Patterns in Japan

Keiko Ito () and Kyoji Fukao ()

No 10209, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: This paper investigates the deepening of the international division of labor and its effect on factor intensities in Japan, mainly focusing on the manufacturing sector. In the first half of the paper, we analyze the factor contents of trade and find that Japan's factor content net-exports of capital and non-production labor grew rapidly while net-exports of production workers fell by a large amount during the period from 1980-2000. Interestingly, the decline in the factor content of net-exports of production workers was almost entirely caused by Japan's trade with China and Hong Kong. According to our decomposition analysis, however, most of the macro-economic change in the capital-labor ratio and the change in the skilled-labor ratio is attributable to a within-industry'shift rather than a between-industry' shift. Although we clearly see a drastic increase in VIIT and outsourcing to foreign countries, particularly to Asian countries, our empirical analysis provides only weak evidence that the deepening international division of labor contributes to changes in factor intensities in each industry. Our results suggest that specialization in the export of skilled-labor-intensive products may have contributed to the increase in the relative demand for skilled (professional, technical, managerial, and administrative) labor within industry. However, our results suggest that changes in trade patterns (specialization in capital-intensive production) cannot explain the rapid growth of capital-labor ratios in Japan.

JEL-codes: C23 F14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2004-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lab and nep-sea
Note: ITI
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (10) Track citations by RSS feed

Published as Physical and Human Capital Deepening and New Trade Patterns in Japan , Keiko Ito, Kyoji Fukao. in International Trade in East Asia , Ito and Rose. 2005

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.nber.org/papers/w10209.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Chapter: Physical and Human Capital Deepening and New Trade Patterns in Japan (2005) Downloads
Working Paper: Physical and Human Capital Deepening and New Trade Patterns in Japan (2004) Downloads
Working Paper: Physical and Human Capital Deepening and New Trade Patterns in Japan (2003) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nbr:nberwo:10209

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.nber.org/papers/w10209

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2021-10-27
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:10209