EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Access to Care, Provider Choice and Racial Disparities

Anna Aizer (), Adriana Lleras-Muney and Mark Stabile

No 10445, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: This paper explores whether choice of provider explains any of the observed infant health gradients, and if so, why poor women choose different providers than their richer neighbors. We exploit an exogenous change in policy that occurred in California in the early 1990s that suddenly increased Medicaid payments to hospitals and which lead to a sharp change in where women with Medicaid delivered. To characterize the extent to which poor women responded to the increase in provider access, we calculate hospital segregation indices (which measure the extent to which Medicaid mothers delivered in separate hospitals than privately insured mothers residing in the same geographic area) both before and after the policy change for each market in California and show that it fell sharply after the policy change. Even though black mothers responded least to the increase in provider choice afforded by the policy change, they benefited the most from hospital desegregation in terms of reduced neonatal mortality and decreased incidence of very low birth weight. In contrast, other groups with lower initial neonatal mortality moved more and gained less in terms of improvements in birth outcomes.

JEL-codes: I12 I18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hea
Date: 2004-04
Note: HE CH
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Published as Aizer, Anna, Adriana Lleras-Muney and Mark Stabile. "Access To Care, Provider Choice, And The Infant Health Gradient," American Economic Review, 2005, v95(2,May), 248-252.

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.nber.org/papers/w10445.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nbr:nberwo:10445

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.nber.org/papers/w10445

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2019-07-07
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:10445