Long-Term Effects Of The 1959-1961 China Famine: Mainland China and Hong Kong
Lena Edlund (),
Hongbin Li () and
No 13384, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc
This paper estimates the effects of maternal malnutrition exploiting the 1959-1961 Chinese famine as a natural experiment. In the 1% sample of the 2000 Chinese Census, we find that fetal exposure to acute maternal malnutrition had compromised a range of socioeconomic outcomes, including: literacy, labor market status, wealth and marriage market outcomes. Women married spouses with less education and later, as did men, if at all. In addition, maternal malnutrition reduced the sex ratio (males to females) in two generations -- those prenatally exposed and their children -- presumably through heightened male mortality. This tendency toward female offspring is interpretable in light of the Trivers-Willard (1973) hypothesis, according to which parents in poor condition should skew the offspring sex ratio toward daughters. Hong Kong natality micro data from 1984-2004 further confirm this pattern of female offspring among mainland-born residents exposed to malnutrition in utero.
JEL-codes: I10 I12 J12 J13 J16 J24 P2 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Published as Ito, Takatoshi and Andrew K. Rose (eds.) The Economic Consequences of Demographic Change in East Asia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nbr:nberwo:13384
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