EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Trade Reforms and Market Selection: Evidence from Manufacturing Plants in Colombia

Marcela Eslava (), John Haltiwanger, Adriana D. Kugler and Maurice Kugler ()

No 14935, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: We use plant output and input prices to decompose the profit margin into four parts: productivity, demand shocks, mark-ups and input costs. We find that each of these market fundamentals are important in explaining plant exit. We then use variation across sectors in tariff changes after the Colombian trade reform to assess whether the impact of market fundamentals on plant exit changed with increased international competition. We find that greater international competition magnifies the impact of productivity, and other market fundamentals, on plant exit. A dynamic simulation that compares the distribution of productivity with and without the trade reform shows that improvements in market selection from trade reform help to weed out the least productive plants and increase average productivity. In addition, we find that trade liberalization increases productivity of incumbent plants and improves the allocation of activity within industries.

JEL-codes: F43 L25 O47 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-eff and nep-int
Date: 2009-04
Note: EFG IO ITI PR
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (25) Track citations by RSS feed

Published as “Trade Reforms and Market Selection: Evidence from Manufacturing Plants in Colombia” (co - authored with Marcela Eslava, Adriana Kugler and Maurice Kugler), Review of Economic Dynamics , 2013 .

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.nber.org/papers/w14935.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Trade Reforms and Market Selection: Evidence from Manufacturing Plants in Colombia (2009) Downloads
Working Paper: Trade Reforms and Market Selection: Evidence from Manufacturing Plants in Colombia (2009) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nbr:nberwo:14935

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.nber.org/papers/w14935

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.. Contact information at EDIRC.
Series data maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2017-09-29
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:14935