Firm Heterogeneity and Costly Trade: A New Estimation Strategy and Policy Experiments
Svetlana Demidova (),
Hiau Looi Kee () and
Kala Krishna ()
No 16557, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc
This paper builds a tractable partial equilibrium model in the spirit of Melitz (2003), which incorporates two dimensions of heterogeneity: firms specific productivity shocks and firm-market specific demand shocks. The structural parameters of interest are estimated using only cross-sectional data, and counterfactual experiments regarding the effects of reducing costs, both fixed and marginal, or of trade preferences (with distortionary Rules of Origin) offered by an importing country are performed. Our counterfactuals make a case for "trade as aid" as such policies can create a ""win-win-win" scenario and are less subject to the usual worries regarding the efficacy of direct foreign aid. They also suggest that reducing fixed costs at various levels can be quite effective as export promotion devices, with the exports induced per dollar spent ranging from .4 to 25.
JEL-codes: F1 F12 F13 F14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Published as Cherkashin, Ivan & Demidova, Svetlana & Kee, Hiau Looi & Krishna, Kala, 2015. "Firm heterogeneity and costly trade: A new estimation strategy and policy experiments," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(1), pages 18-36.
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Journal Article: Firm heterogeneity and costly trade: A new estimation strategy and policy experiments (2015)
Working Paper: Firm heterogeneity and costly trade: a new estimation strategy and policy experiments (2015)
Working Paper: Firm Heterogeneity and Costly Trade: A New Estimation Strategy and Policy Experiments (2009)
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