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Marital Sorting and Parental Wealth

Kerwin Kofi Charles, Erik Hurst () and Alexandra Killewald

No 16748, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: Using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), this paper studies the degree to which spouses sort in the marriage market on the basis of parental wealth. We estimate a variety of models, including transition matrices, OLS and TSLS models to deal with measurement error in wealth reports. Our various results show that men and women in the U.S. marry spouses whose parents have wealth similar to that of their own parents; and are very unlikely to marry persons from very different parental wealth backgrounds. This effect is present in the population as a whole, within racial groups, and especially in the tails of the distribution. Our preferred estimates indicate that the correlation in log wealth between own and spouse's parents wealth is around 0.4. We show that education accounts for only one-quarter of this sorting, and also show that selection into and out marriage by parental wealth does not appreciably bias our results.

JEL-codes: J12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2011-01
Note: AG EFG LS PE
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Published as Demography February 2013, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp 51-70 Marital Sorting and Parental Wealth Kerwin Kofi Charles, Erik Hurst, Alexandra Killewald

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