EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Early Maternal Employment and Family Wellbeing

Pinka Chatterji, Sara Markowitz () and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn

No 17212, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: This study uses longitudinal data from the NICHD Study on Early Child Care (SECC) to examine the effects of maternal employment on family well-being, measured by maternal mental and overall health, parenting stress, and parenting quality. First, we estimate the effects of maternal employment on these outcomes measured when children are 6 months old. Next, we use dynamic panel data models to examine the effects of maternal employment on family outcomes during the first 4.5 years of children's lives. Among mothers of six month old infants, maternal work hours are positively associated with depressive symptoms and self-reported parenting stress, and negatively associated with self-rated overall health among mothers. Compared to mothers who are on leave 3 months after childbirth, mothers who are working full-time score 22 percent higher on the CES-D scale of depressive symptoms. However, maternal employment is not associated with the quality of parenting at 6 months, based on trained assessors' observations of maternal sensitivity. Moreover, during the first 4.5 years of life as a whole, we find only weak evidence that maternal work hours are associated with maternal health, and no evidence that maternal employment is associated with parenting stress and quality. We find that unobserved heterogeneity is an important factor in modeling family outcomes.

JEL-codes: I1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hap, nep-hea and nep-lab
Date: 2011-07
Note: HE
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (11) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.nber.org/papers/w17212.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nbr:nberwo:17212

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.nber.org/papers/w17212

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.. Contact information at EDIRC.
Series data maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2017-09-29
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:17212