The Effect of Pollution on Labor Supply: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Mexico City
Rema Hanna () and
Paulina Oliva ()
No 17302, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc
Moderate effects of pollution on health may exert an important influence on labor market decisions. We exploit exogenous variation in pollution due to the closure of a large refinery in Mexico City to understand how pollution impacts labor supply. The closure led to an 8 percent decline in pollution in the surrounding neighborhoods. We find that a one percent increase in sulfur dioxide results in a 0.61 percent decrease in the hours worked. The effects do not appear to be driven by labor demand shocks nor differential migration as a result of the closure in the areas located near the refinery.
JEL-codes: O1 Q0 Q5 Q53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Published as Hanna, Rema & Oliva, Paulina, 2015. "The effect of pollution on labor supply: Evidence from a natural experiment in Mexico City," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 122(C), pages 68-79.
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Journal Article: The effect of pollution on labor supply: Evidence from a natural experiment in Mexico City (2015)
Working Paper: The Effect of Pollution on Labor Supply: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Mexico City (2011)
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