EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Big BRICs, Weak Foundations: The Beginning of Public Elementary Education in Brazil, Russia, India, and China

Latika Chaudhary, Aldo Musacchio (), Steven Nafziger () and Se Yan ()

No 17852, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: Our paper provides a comparative perspective on the development of public primary education in four of the largest developing economies circa 1910: Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC). These four countries encompassed more than 50 percent of the world's population in 1910, but remarkably few of their citizens attended any school by the early 20th century. We present new, comparable data on school inputs and outputs for BRIC drawn from contemporary surveys and government documents. Recent studies emphasize the importance of political decentralization, and relatively broad political voice for the early spread of public primary education in developed economies. We identify the former and the lack of the latter to be important in the context of BRIC, but we also outline how other factors such as factor endowments, colonialism, serfdom, and, especially, the characteristics of the political and economic elite help explain the low achievement levels of these four countries and the incredible amount of heterogeneity within each of them.

JEL-codes: I22 I28 N30 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cis, nep-his and nep-lab
Note: DAE
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (20) Track citations by RSS feed

Published as Chaudhary, Latika, Aldo Musacchio, Steven Nafziger, and Se Yan. "Big BRICs, Weak Foundations: The Beginning of Public Elementary Education in Brazil, Russia, India, and China." Explorations in Economic History 49, no. 2 (April 2012): 221-240

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.nber.org/papers/w17852.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Big BRICs, weak foundations: The beginning of public elementary education in Brazil, Russia, India, and China (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Big BRICs, Weak Foundations: The Beginning of Public Elementary Education in Brazil, Russia, India, and China (2011) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nbr:nberwo:17852

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.nber.org/papers/w17852

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2020-08-02
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:17852