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When did the dollar overtake sterling as the leading international currency? Evidence from the bond markets

Livia Chitu (), Barry Eichengreen () and Arnaud Mehl ()

No 18097, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: This paper offers new evidence on the emergence of the dollar as the leading international currency, focusing on its role as currency of denomination in global bond markets. We show that the dollar overtook sterling much earlier than commonly supposed, as early as in 1929. Financial market development appears to have been the main factor helping the dollar to surmount sterling's head start. The finding that a shift from a unipolar to a multipolar international monetary and financial system has happened before suggests that it can happen again. That the shift occurred earlier than commonly believed suggests that the advantages of incumbency are not all they are cracked up to be. And that financial deepening was a key determinant of the dollar's emergence points to the challenges facing currencies aspiring to international status.

JEL-codes: F30 N20 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his, nep-ifn and nep-mon
Note: DAE IFM
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Published as "When Did the Dollar Overtake Sterling as the Leading International Currency? Evidence from the Bond Markets", Journal of Development Economics (2013).

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Journal Article: When did the dollar overtake sterling as the leading international currency? Evidence from the bond markets (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: When did the dollar overtake sterling as the leading international currency? Evidence from the bond markets (2012) Downloads
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