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An Anatomy of Credit Booms and their Demise

Enrique Mendoza () and Marco Terrones ()

No 18379, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: What are the stylized facts that characterize the dynamics of credit booms and the associated fluctuations in macro-economic aggregates? This paper answers this question by applying a method proposed in our earlier work for measuring and identifying credit booms to data for 61 emerging and industrial countries over the 1960-2010 period. We identify 70 credit boom events, half of them in each group of countries. Event analysis shows a systematic relationship between credit booms and a boom-bust cycle in production and absorption, asset prices, real exchange rates, capital inflows, and external deficits. Credit booms are synchronized internationally and show three striking similarities in industrial and emerging economies: (1) credit booms are similar in duration and magnitude, normalized by the cyclical variability of credit; (2) banking crises, currency crises or Sudden Stops often follow credit booms, and they do so at similar frequencies in industrial and emerging economies; and (3) credit booms often follow surges in capital inflows, TFP gains, and financial reforms, and are far more common with managed than flexible exchange rates.

JEL-codes: E32 E44 E51 G21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ban, nep-cba, nep-mac and nep-opm
Note: IFM
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Published as Enrique G. Mendoza & Marco E. Terrones, 2012. "An Anatomy of Credits Booms and their Demise," Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 15(2), pages 04-32, August.

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Related works:
Chapter: An Anatomy of Credit Booms and their Demise (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Anatomy of credit booms and their demise (2013) Downloads
Journal Article: An Anatomy of Credits Booms and their Demise (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: An Anatomy of Credit Booms and their Demise (2012) Downloads
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