The Gorbachev Anti-Alcohol Campaign and Russia's Mortality Crisis
Christina Gathmann () and
No 18589, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc
Political and economic transition is often blamed for Russia's 40% surge in deaths between 1990 and 1994. Highlighting that increases in mortality occurred primarily among alcohol-related causes and among working-age men (the heaviest drinkers), this paper investigates an alternative explanation: the demise of the 1985-1988 Gorbachev Anti-Alcohol Campaign. Using archival sources to build a new oblast-year data set spanning 1978-2000, we find a variety of evidence suggesting that the campaign's end explains a large share of the mortality crisis - implying that Russia's transition to capitalism and democracy was not as lethal as commonly suggested.
JEL-codes: I12 I18 N34 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Published as Christina Gathmann & Marijke Welisch, 2012. "The Gorbachev Anti-Alcohol Campaign and Russiaâs Mortality Crisis," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 10(4), pages 62-68, December.
Published as Jay Bhattacharya & Christina Gathmann & Grant Miller, 2013. "The Gorbachev Anti-alcohol Campaign and Russia's Mortality Crisis," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 5(2), pages 232-60, April.
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Journal Article: The Gorbachev Anti-alcohol Campaign and Russia's Mortality Crisis (2013)
Journal Article: The Gorbachev Anti-Alcohol Campaign and Russia’s Mortality Crisis (2012)
Working Paper: The Gorbachev Anti-Alcohol Campaign and Russia's Mortality Crisis (2012)
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