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Air Pollution and Infant Mortality: Evidence from the Expansion of Natural Gas Infrastructure

Resul Cesur (), Erdal Tekin () and Aydogan Ulker ()

No 18736, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: Natural gas has emerged as an increasingly attractive source of energy since it is highly efficient, abundant, and cleaner than any other fossil fuel. In this paper, we examine the impact of widespread adoption of natural gas as a source of fuel on infant mortality in Turkey, using variation across provinces and over time in the intensity of natural gas utilization. Our estimates indicate that the expansion of natural gas infrastructure has resulted in a significant decrease in the rate of infant mortality. Specifically, a one-percentage point increase in natural gas intensity - measured by the rate of subscriptions to natural gas services - would cause the infant mortality rate to decrease by 3.9 percent, which would translate into approximately 340 infant lives saved in 2011 alone.

JEL-codes: I0 I12 I15 I18 O10 O13 Q42 Q48 Q53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-dem, nep-env, nep-hea and nep-res
Note: CH DEV EEE HE
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Published as Resul Cesur & Erdal Tekin & Aydogan Ulker, 2017. "Air Pollution and Infant Mortality: Evidence from the Expansion of Natural Gas Infrastructure," The Economic Journal, vol 127(600), pages 330-362.

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Journal Article: Air Pollution and Infant Mortality: Evidence from the Expansion of Natural Gas Infrastructure (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Air Pollution and Infant Mortality: Evidence from the Expansion of Natural Gas Infrastructure (2013) Downloads
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