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Political Reservations and Women's Entrepreneurship in India

Ejaz Ghani (), William Kerr () and Stephen O'Connell ()

No 19868, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: We quantify the link between the timing of state-level implementations of political reservations for women in India with the role of women in India's manufacturing sector. While overall employment of women in manufacturing does not increase after the reforms, we find significant evidence that more women-owned establishments were created in the unorganized/informal sector. These new establishments were concentrated in industries where women entrepreneurs have been traditionally active and the entry was mainly found among household-based establishments. We measure and discuss the extent to which this heightened entrepreneurship is due to channels like greater finance access or heightened inspiration for women entrepreneurs.

JEL-codes: D22 E26 H11 J16 L10 L26 L60 M13 O10 R00 R10 R12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-ent
Date: 2014-01
Note: DEV LS PE POL PR
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Published as Ghani, Ejaz & Kerr, William R. & O'Connell, Stephen D., 2014. "Political reservations and women's entrepreneurship in India," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 138-153.

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Journal Article: Political reservations and women's entrepreneurship in India (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Political reservations and women's entrepreneurship in India (2013) Downloads
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