When Does Education Matter? The Protective Effect of Education for Cohorts Graduating in Bad Times
David Cutler (),
Wei Huang () and
No 20156, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc
Using Eurobarometer data, we document large variation across European countries in education gradients in income, self-reported health, life satisfaction, obesity, smoking and drinking. While this variation has been documented previously, the reasons why the effect of education on income, health and health behaviors varies is not well understood. We build on previous literature documenting that cohorts graduating in bad times have lower wages and poorer health for many years after graduation, compared to those graduating in good times. We investigate whether more educated individuals suffer smaller income and health losses as a result of poor labor market conditions upon labor market entry. We confirm that a higher unemployment rate at graduation is associated with lower income, lower life satisfaction, greater obesity, more smoking and drinking later in life. Further, education plays a protective role for these outcomes, especially when unemployment rates are high: the losses associated with poor labor market outcomes are substantially lower for more educated individuals. Variation in unemployment rates upon graduation can potentially explain a large fraction of the variance in gradients across different countries.
JEL-codes: I12 I20 J11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Published as Cutler, David M. & Huang, Wei & Lleras-Muney, Adriana, 2015. "When does education matter? The protective effect of education for cohorts graduating in bad times," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 127(C), pages 63-73.
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Journal Article: When does education matter? The protective effect of education for cohorts graduating in bad times (2015)
Working Paper: When Does Education Matter? The Protective Effect of Education for Cohorts Graduating in Bad Times (2014)
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