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Diversity and Conflict

Cemal Eren Arbatli (), Quamrul Ashraf (), Oded Galor () and Marc Klemp ()

No 21079, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: This research advances the hypothesis and establishes empirically that interpersonal population diversity has contributed significantly to the emergence, prevalence, recurrence, and severity of intrasocietal conflicts. Exploiting an exogenous source of variations in population diversity across nations and ethnic groups, it demonstrates that population diversity, as determined predominantly during the exodus of humans from Africa tens of thousands of years ago, has contributed significantly to the risk and intensity of historical and contemporary civil conflicts. The findings arguably reflect the adverse effect of population diversity on interpersonal trust, its contribution to divergence in preferences for public goods and redistributive policies, and its impact on the degree of fractionalization and polarization across ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups.

JEL-codes: D74 N30 N40 O11 O43 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-evo, nep-gro and nep-hpe
Date: 2015-04
Note: DEV EFG POL
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (16) Track citations by RSS feed

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Working Paper: Diversity and Conflict (2018) Downloads
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Working Paper: The Nature of Civil Conflict (2013) Downloads
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