The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)
Austin Nichols and
Jesse Rothstein ()
No 21211, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc
We review research on the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), focusing on work appearing since the Hotz and Scholz (2003) review. Recent work has confirmed earlier findings that labor supply effects are positive for single mothers, smaller and negative for married mothers, and essentially nonexistent for men. Where earlier estimates indicated that all responses were on the extensive margin, some recent studies find evidence of non-zero, but small, intensive margin effects. We also review research on the incidence of the credit, suggesting that employers capture some of the program benefits through lower wages; on the large impact of the program on poverty rates and on children’s outcomes; and on families’ apparent preferences for lump-sum refunds over smaller payments distributed throughout the year. We present new evidence regarding the accuracy of EITC imputations in the Current Population Survey. We discuss proposals for reform, including a more generous childless credit, and argue that the EITC may be complementary to the minimum wage, rather than an alternative.
JEL-codes: D31 H2 H22 J2 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lma and nep-pub
Note: LS PE
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (8) Track citations by RSS feed
Published as The Earned Income Tax Credit , Austin Nichols, Jesse Rothstein. in Economics of Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States, Volume 1 , Moffitt. 2016
Downloads: (external link)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nbr:nberwo:21211
Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().