Natural Experiments in Macroeconomics
Nicola Fuchs-Schuendeln and
Tarek Hassan ()
No 21228, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc
A growing literature relies on natural experiments to establish causal effects in macroeconomics. In diverse applications, natural experiments have been used to verify underlying assumptions of conventional models, quantify specific model parameters, and identify mechanisms that have major effects on macroeconomic quantities but are absent from conventional models. We discuss and compare the use of natural experiments across these different applications and summarize what they have taught us about such diverse subjects as the validity of the Permanent Income Hypothesis, the size of the fiscal multiplier, and about the effects of institutions, social structure, and culture on economic growth. We also outline challenges for future work in each of these fields, give guidance for identifying useful natural experiments, and discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the approach.
JEL-codes: C1 C9 E21 E62 H31 O11 O14 O43 O50 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Chapter: Natural Experiments in Macroeconomics (2016)
Working Paper: Natural Experiments in Macroeconomics (2015)
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