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Can Cash Transfers Help Households Escape an Inter-Generational Poverty Trap?

M. Caridad Araujo (), Mariano Bosch () and Norbert Schady

No 22670, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: Many poor households in developing countries are liquidity-constrained. As a result, they may under-invest in the human capital of their children. We provide new evidence on the long-term (10-year) effects of cash transfers using data from Ecuador. Our analysis is based on two separate sources of data and two identification strategies. First, we extend the results from an experiment that randomly assigned children under the age of 6 years to “early” or “late” treatment groups. Although the early treatment group received twice as much in transfers, we find no difference between children in the two groups on performance on a large number of tests. Second, we use a regression discontinuity design exploiting the fact that a “poverty index” was used to determine eligibility for transfers. We focus on children who were just-eligible and just-ineligible for transfers when they were in late childhood, and compare their school attainment and work status 10 years later. Transfers increased secondary school completion, but the effects are small, between 1 and 2 percentage points from a counterfactual school completion rate of 75 percent. We conclude that any effect of cash transfers on the inter-generational transmission of poverty in Ecuador is likely to be modest.

JEL-codes: I3 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-exp and nep-lam
Date: 2016-09
Note: DEV
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Published as Can Cash Transfers Help Households Escape an Intergenerational Poverty Trap? , M. Caridad Araujo, Mariano Bosch, Norbert Schady. in The Economics of Poverty Traps , Barrett, Carter, and Chavas. 2019

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Related works:
Chapter: Can Cash Transfers Help Households Escape an Intergenerational Poverty Trap? (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Can Cash Transfers Help Households Escape an Inter-Generational Poverty Trap? (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Can Cash Transfers Help Households Escape an Inter-Generational Poverty Trap? (2016) Downloads
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