EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Coal Smoke and the Costs of the Industrial Revolution

W Hanlon ()

No 22921, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: While the Industrial Revolution brought economic growth, there is a long debate in economics over the costs of the pollution externalities that accompanied early industrialization. To help settle this debate, this paper introduces a new theoretically-grounded strategy for estimating the impact of industrial pollution on local economic development and applies this approach to data from British cities for 1851-1911. I show that local industrial coal use substantially reduced long-run city employment growth over this period. Moreover, a counterfactual analysis suggests that plausible improvements in coal use efficiency would have led to substantially higher urbanization rates in Britain by 1911.

JEL-codes: N13 N53 Q52 R11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene, nep-env, nep-gro, nep-his, nep-pke and nep-ure
Note: DAE
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (9) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.nber.org/papers/w22921.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nbr:nberwo:22921

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.nber.org/papers/w22921

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2021-01-17
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:22921