EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

A Structural Analysis of the Effects of the Great Recession on Retirement and Working Longer by Members of Two-Earner Households

Alan Gustman (), Thomas L. Steinmeier and Nahid Tabatabai

No 22984, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: This paper uses data from the Health and Retirement Study to estimate a structural model of household retirement and saving. It applies that model to analyze the effects of the Great Recession on the work and retirement of older couples who were both employed full-time at the beginning of the recession. We analyze the effects of job loss, changes in wealth and changes in expectations. The largest overall effects of the Great Recession are observed for 2009 and 2010. In 2009, an additional 2.5 percent of all 55 to 59 year old husbands were not working full-time as result of the Great Recession, amounting to a reduction of 3.2 percent in full-time work. In 2010, 2.8 percent of 55 to 59 year old husbands were not working full-time as a result of the Great Recession, amounting to a 3.8 percent reduction in full-time work. For wives the reductions in full-time work due to the Great Recession were 1.7 percent and 2.2 percent of those who initially held a job, or reductions of full-time work of 2.3 and 3.0 percent respectively. For those 60 to 64, the reductions were 1.2 percent of men and 0.9 percent of women. Having been laid off in the last three years reduces full-time work by 30 percent. There also are lingering effects of layoff on the probability of working longer. Having been laid off three or more years in the past reduces full-time employment in the current year by about 12 percent. This reflects the reduced work incentives for full-time work arising from lower earnings due to the loss of job tenure with a layoff as well as the additional earnings penalty from a layoff. The effect on own work of a spouse having been laid off is much smaller. The reason is that, as found in the estimation of our structural model, having one spouse not working increases the value of leisure for the other. In contrast, when one member of the household loses their job, the value of consumption increases relative to leisure. For recent layoffs, these effects are roughly offsetting. All told, the effects of the Great Recession on retirement seem relatively modest. These findings are consistent with our earlier descriptive analyses.

JEL-codes: C61 D31 D91 E21 E24 E32 H55 I3 J11 J14 J16 J32 J63 J64 J82 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age, nep-lab, nep-mac and nep-pbe
Note: AG LS PE
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed

Published as Alan L. Gustman & Thomas L. Steinmeier & Nahid Tabatabai, 2018. "A structural analysis of the effects of the Great Recession on retirement and working longer by members of two-earner households," The Journal of the Economics of Ageing, vol 12, pages 175-182.

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.nber.org/papers/w22984.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: A structural analysis of the effects of the Great Recession on retirement and working longer by members of two-earner households (2018) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nbr:nberwo:22984

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.nber.org/papers/w22984

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2021-04-06
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:22984