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The Effect of Natural Disasters on Economic Activity in US Counties: A Century of Data

Leah Boustan (), Matthew Kahn (), Paul Rhode and Maria Lucia Yanguas

No 23410, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: More than 100 natural disasters strike the United States every year, causing extensive property destruction and loss of life. We construct an 80 year panel data set that includes the universe of natural disasters in the United States from 1930 to 2010 and study how these shocks affected migration rates, home prices, and poverty rates at the county level. Severe disasters increased out-migration rates by 1.5 percentage points and lowered housing prices/rents by 2.5–5.0 percent, but milder disasters had little effect on economic outcomes.

JEL-codes: N42 Q5 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-env, nep-his, nep-mig, nep-res and nep-ure
Date: 2017-05
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