Vertical Integration, Supplier Behavior, and Quality Upgrading among Exporters
Gianmarco León () and
No 23949, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc
We study the relationship between exporters' organizational structure and output quality. If only input quantity is observable, theory predicts that vertical integration may be necessary to incentivize suppliers to increase input quality. Using data on suppliers' behavior, supplier ownership, supply transactions, and manufacturers' output by quality grade and exports from the Peruvian fishmeal industry, we show the following. After integrating with the plant being supplied and losing access to alternative pay-per-kilo buyers, suppliers take more quality-increasing and less quantity-increasing actions. Integration consequently causally increases output quality, and manufacturers integrate suppliers when facing high relative demand for high quality grades.
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Working Paper: Vertical Integration, Supplier Behavior, and Quality Upgrading among Exporters (2017)
Working Paper: Vertical integration, supplier behavior, and quality upgrading among exporters (2017)
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