The Welfare Effects of Peer Entry in the Accommodation Market: The Case of Airbnb
Chiara Farronato and
No 24361, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc
We study the effects of enabling peer supply through Airbnb in the accommodation industry. We present a model of competition between flexible and dedicated sellers - peer hosts and hotels - who provide differentiated products. We estimate this model using data from major US cities and quantify the welfare effects of Airbnb on travelers, hosts, and hotels. The welfare gains are concentrated in locations (New York) and times (New Years Eve) when hotels are capacity constrained. This occurs because peer hosts are responsive to market conditions, expand supply as hotels fill up, and keep hotel prices down as a result.
JEL-codes: D4 D6 L1 L22 L23 L85 L86 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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