EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Innovation and Trade Policy in a Globalized World

Ufuk Akcigit (), Sina T. Ates and Giammario Impullitti

No 24543, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: How do import tariffs and R&D subsidies help domestic firms compete globally? How do these policies affect aggregate growth and economic welfare? To answer these questions, we build a dynamic general equilibrium growth model where firm innovation endogenously determines the dynamics of technology, and, therefore, market leadership and trade flows, in a world with two large open economies at different stages of development. Firms’ R&D decisions are driven by (i) the defensive innovation motive, (ii) the expansionary innovation motive, and (iii) technology spillovers. The theoretical investigation illustrates that, statically, globalization (defined as reduced trade barriers) has ambiguous effects on welfare, while, dynamically, intensified globalization boosts domestic innovation through induced international competition. Accounting for transitional dynamics, we use our model for policy evaluation and compute optimal policies over different time horizons. The model suggests that the introduction of the Research and Experimentation Tax Credit in 1981 proves to be an effective policy response to foreign competition, generating substantial welfare gains in the long run. A counterfactual exercise shows that increasing tariffs as an alternative policy response improves domestic welfare only when the policymaker cares about the very short run, and only when introduced unilaterally. Tariffs generate large welfare losses in the medium and long run, or when there is retaliation by the foreign economy. Protectionist measures generate large dynamic losses by distorting the impact of openness on innovation incentives and productivity growth. Finally, our model predicts that a more globalized world entails less government intervention, thanks to innovation-stimulating effects of intensified international competition.

JEL-codes: F13 O4 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-dge and nep-tid
Date: 2018-04
Note: EFG ITI PR
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.nber.org/papers/w24543.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Innovation and Trade Policy in a Globalized World (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Innovation and Trade Policy in a Globalized World (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Innovation and trade policy in a globalized world (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Innovation and Trade Policy in a Globalized World (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Innovation and Trade Policy in a Globalized World (2018) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nbr:nberwo:24543

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.nber.org/papers/w24543

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2019-10-24
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:24543