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Violence while in Utero: The Impact of Assaults During Pregnancy on Birth Outcomes

Janet Currie, Michael Mueller-Smith and Maya Rossin-Slater

No 24802, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: We study the effects of prenatal exposure to violent crime on infant health, using New York City crime records linked to mothers’ addresses in birth records data. We address endogeneity of assault exposure with three strategies and find that in utero assault exposure significantly increases the incidence of adverse birth outcomes. We calculate that the annual social cost of assault during pregnancy in the US is more than $3.8 billion. Since infant health predicts long-term wellbeing and disadvantaged women are disproportionately likely to be domestic abuse victims, violence in utero may be an important channel for intergenerational transmission of inequality.

JEL-codes: I14 I31 J12 J13 K14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018-07
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Published as Janet Currie & Michael Mueller-Smith & Maya Rossin-Slater, 2022. "Violence While in Utero: The Impact of Assaults during Pregnancy on Birth Outcomes," The Review of Economics and Statistics, vol 104(3), pages 525-540.

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Journal Article: Violence While in Utero: The Impact of Assaults during Pregnancy on Birth Outcomes (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: Violence While in Utero: The Impact of Assaults during Pregnancy on Birth Outcomes (2018) Downloads
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