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Sectoral Shocks and Structural Unemployment

Michael Riordan and Robert Staiger ()

No 2522, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: When current employers rave more information about worker quality than to potential employers, sectoral shocks cause structural unemployment. That is, some workers laid off from an injured sector remain unemployed despite the fact that trey are of sufficient quality to be productively employed in an expanding sector at toe prevailing wage, Moreover, sectoral unemployment rates are not monotonic in one severity of sectoral shocks due to one interaction of layoff activity and hiring activity. Finally, equilibrium employment decisions are not constrained Pareto efficient, and can be improved by a policy of adjustment assistance.

Date: 1988-02
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Published as International Economic Review, vol. 34, no. 3, August 1993

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