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Child Penalties Across Countries: Evidence and Explanations

Henrik Kleven, Camille Landais (), Johanna Posch, Andreas Steinhauer () and Josef Zweimüller ()

No 25524, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: This paper provides evidence on child penalties in female and male earnings in different countries. The estimates are based on event studies around the birth of the first child, using the specification proposed by Kleven et al. (2018). The analysis reveals some striking similarities in the qualitative effects of children across countries, but also sharp differences in the magnitude of the effects. We discuss the potential role of family policies (parental leave and child care provision) and gender norms in explaining the observed differences.

JEL-codes: H31 J13 J16 J18 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem and nep-gen
Note: CH LS PE
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Published as Henrik Kleven & Camille Landais & Johanna Posch & Andreas Steinhauer & Josef Zweimüller, 2019. "Child Penalties across Countries: Evidence and Explanations," AEA Papers and Proceedings, vol 109, pages 122-126.

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Journal Article: Child Penalties across Countries: Evidence and Explanations (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Child Penalties Across Countries: Evidence and Explanations (2019) Downloads
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