Local Labor Markets in Canada and the United States
David Albouy (),
Chandler Lutz and
Casey Warman ()
No 25709, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc
We examine local labor markets in the U.S. and Canada from 1990 to 2011 using comparable household and business data. Wage levels and inequality rise with city population in both countries, albeit less in Canada. Neither country saw wage levels converge despite contrasting migration patterns from/to high-wage areas. Local labor demand shifts raise nominal wages similarly, although in Canada they attract immigrant and highly-skilled workers more, while raising housing costs less. Chinese import competition had a weaker negative impact on manufacturing employment in Canada. These results are consistent with Canada's more redistributive transfer system and larger, more-educated immigrant workforce.
JEL-codes: J21 J31 J61 N32 R12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Published as Local Labor Markets in Canada and the United States , David Albouy, Alex Chernoff, Chandler Lutz, Casey Warman. in Small Differences II: Public Policies in Canada and the United States , Oreopoulos and Card. 2019
Published as David Albouy & Alex Chernoff & Chandler Lutz & Casey Warman, 2019. "Local Labor Markets in Canada and the United States," Journal of Labor Economics, vol 37(S2), pages S533-S594.
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Journal Article: Local Labor Markets in Canada and the United States (2019)
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