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Long-term Effects from Early Exposure to Research: Evidence from the NIH "Yellow Berets''

Pierre Azoulay, Wesley H. Greenblatt and Misty Heggeness

No 26069, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: Can a relatively short but intense exposure to frontier research alter the career trajectories of potential innovators? To answer this question, we study the careers and productivity of 3,075 medical school graduates who applied to the Associate Training Programs (ATP) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) during the turbulent period of the Vietnam War, 1965- 1975. Carefully selecting on observables, we compare physicians who attended the program to those who passed a first admission screen but were ultimately not selected. We find that program participants were twice as likely to choose a research-focused position after training, and considerably less likely to switch to purely clinical endeavors as their careers unfolded. Over the life cycle, NIH trainees also garnered publications, citations, and grant funding at a much higher rate than synthetic controls. The direction of their research efforts was also durably imprinted by their training experience. In particular, NIH trainees appear to have acquired a distinct “translational” style of biomedical research which became an implicit training model for physician-scientists as ATP alumni came to occupy the commanding heights of academic medicine throughout the United States.

JEL-codes: I23 I26 M53 O31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his and nep-sea
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