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Education and Innovation: The Long Shadow of the Cultural Revolution

Zhangkai Huang (), Gordon Phillips, Jialun Yang and Yi Zhang

No 27107, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: The Cultural Revolution deprived Chinese students of the opportunity to receive higher education for 10 years when colleges and universities were closed from 1966-1976. We examine the human capital cost of this loss of education on subsequent innovation by firms, and ask if it impacted firms more than 30 years later. We examine the innovation of firms with CEOs who turned 18 during the Cultural Revolution, which sharply reduced their chances of attending college. Using multiple approaches to control for selection and endogeneity, including an instrument based on whether the CEO turned 18 during the Cultural Revolution and a regression discontinuity approach, we show that Chinese firms led by CEOs without a college degree spend less on R&D, generate fewer patents, and receive fewer citations to these patents.

JEL-codes: G3 I23 J24 O31 O32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-his, nep-ino, nep-knm, nep-sbm and nep-tid
Note: CF POL
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (7)

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