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Offshoring and Inflation

Diego Comin () and Robert Johnson ()

No 27957, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: Did trade integration suppress inflation in the United States? Conventional wisdom says “yes,” based on the disinflationary supply-side impacts of trade. We argue that these supply-side arguments are incomplete, because trade integration also influences aggregate demand. Our analysis leverages two facts: trade integration was a long-lasting, phased-in shock, and offshoring accounts for a large share of it. Given these facts, we show trade integration is inflationary in conventional New Keynesian models. This result continues to hold when we account for US trade deficits, the pro-competitive effects of trade on domestic markups, and cross-sector heterogeneity in trade integration.

JEL-codes: E5 F1 F15 F4 F6 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-int and nep-mac
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